4D VASER High-Definition LIPOSUCTION

4D VASER High-Definition Liposuction

Dr. De La Cruz is a Houston plastic surgeon who performs the 4D VASER High Definition liposuction Houston.  Check out our Before and After Liposuction Page.

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VASER Liposuction: A Good Source for Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are the spindle shaped plastic-adherent cells isolated from bone marrow, adipose, and other tissue sources, with multipotent differentiation capacity in vitro.  These mesenchymal stromal cells could differentiate to bone in vitro and a subset of the cells that has a high proliferative potential . The notion of a mesenchymal stem cell was popularized by Arnold Caplan proposing that MSCs gave rise to bone, cartilage, tendon, ligament, marrow stroma, adipocytes, dermis, muscle and connective tissue. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ASCs) are concentrated in fat tissue, and the ease of harvest via liposuction makes them a particularly interesting cell source.   Thus, fat has been transferred to the face for facial rejuvenation, as well as to the buttock for buttock augmentation.  It has shown that radiation-induced damage skin are dramatically improved by fat transfer.  

brazilian butt lift.jpg

Recently, ultrasound-assisted liposuction using VASER liposuction and Lysosonix were found to harvest viable mesenchymal stromal cells.  "UAL samples demonstrated equivalent ASC yield and viability. VASER Liposuction adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells showed higher osteogenic and adipogenic marker expression, but a comparable differentiation capacity was observed. Soft tissue healing and neovascularization were significantly enhanced via both UAL-derived ASCs in vivo, and there was no significant difference between the cell therapy groups."

VASER Liposuction allows safe and efficient harvesting of the mesenchymal stromal cellular fraction of adipose tissue and that cells harvested via this approach are suitable for cell therapy and tissue engineering applications.

Recent studies have shown that adipose tissue derived using the VASER liposuction system were viable at harvest and suitable for autologous fat grafts, such as in Brazilian Butt Lifts.   The study had shown that "the lipolysis assay revealed metabolically active adipocytes with a mean (SD) correlative viability of 85.1%. Direct measures of acute viability via propidium iodide staining resulted in a mean (SD) viability measure of 88.7%.

 

Reference:

Duscher, et al. Ultrasound-assisted liposuction provides a source for functional adipose-derived stromal cells. Cytotherapy. 2017 Sep 13. pii: S1465-3249(17)30658-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcyt.2017.07.013. [Epub ahead of print]

Schafer et al.  Acute adipocyte viability after third-generation ultrasound-assisted liposuction.  Aesthetic Surgery Journal. 2013 Jul;33(5):698-704. doi: 10.1177/1090820X13485239. Epub 2013 May 29.

Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC

Houston Plastic Surgeon

Treatment of Biopolymer/Hydrogel Buttock Injections

Recently, there had been numerous cases of the use of industrial grade products injected into the body, such as the buttocks and thighs, performed by unlicensed or unskilled practitioners.  Some of these products range from injectable silicone or high-volume hyaluronic acid or hydrogel. Even though some of these products, such as silicone, may be biologically inert, these materials have been implicated in a variety of adverse reactions including granulomas, disfiguring nodules, and lymphedema, sometimes with latent periods of decades.  Often, they may cause disfiguring chronic infections that may require intravenous antibiotics or extensive surgical debridement.  

There had been a few cases that the chronic infections  resulting from illegally injected industrial grade products into the lower extremities, such as the legs, resulted in amputations as a life-saving procedure.  

Figure 1:  Chronic infection from an Biopolymer injections into the buttocks and thighs performed by an unlicensed and unskilled practitioner. 

Figure 1:  Chronic infection from an Biopolymer injections into the buttocks and thighs performed by an unlicensed and unskilled practitioner. 

Clinical Manifestations & Symptoms

  • Chronic infection, such as cellulitis, that are recurrent despite antibiotics
  • Firmess or hardening of the area of injections
  • Chronic pain, such as buttock pain
  • Numbness sensation of the area of injection
  • Discoloration of the skin of the area of injection

Clinical Management

  • We recommend obtaining an MRI of the area of injection to determine the extent of injection as well as the area where the material has potentially migrated.  The MRI would act as a map to determine where your surgeon would remove the biopolymer.

Treatment

  • The treatment varies from patient to patient.  This may range from surgical excision, to hyaluronidase injection followed by VASER liposuction and fat transfer into the area to correct the resultant deformity.  Unfortunately, it is not possible to completely remove the biopolymer and not result in a significant deformity of the area involved.  Complete removal, such as surgical excision, may result in a life-changing deformity.  
Figure 2:  Hydrogel/Biopolymer removal from the buttocks using the  VASER Liposuction  with fat transfer to the buttocks to correct the resulting deformity from removal of the biopolymer.  Patient had resolution of a chronic buttock pain after surgery.

Figure 2:  Hydrogel/Biopolymer removal from the buttocks using the VASER Liposuction with fat transfer to the buttocks to correct the resulting deformity from removal of the biopolymer.  Patient had resolution of a chronic buttock pain after surgery.

I recommend seeing a plastic surgeon for evaluation and possible removal of the biopolymer injected into one's body.  An MRI may be necessary to evaluate the location of the injected material.  Every person is different, and each treatment may be different.

Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon Houston, Texas

Keys to a Long-term Success in Liposuction

After liposuction, patient needs to have a realistic expectation to have a long-term succesful outcome.  There are 4 key elements to have a succesful outcome after liposuction:

1)Exercise - Exercising after liposuction is very important, especially after the initial surgery.  We encourage our patient to start exercising 2 to 4 weeks after their surgery.

2)Proper Diet - It is very important to eat a healthy diet consisting of fruits, vegetables and fish.  We recommend avoiding fatty food, drinking sodas, and eating excessively.  We recommend consulting with a nutritionist if one is having difficulty having a proper healthy diet.

3)Positive Lifestyle Changes

4)Succesful Body Contouring - It is important to choose the right surgeon who would perform your procedure.  Unfortunately, cosmetic surgery is unregulated here in the United States, and we recommend choosing a plastic surgeon who is trained in liposculpture surgery to perform your procedure.

Before & After Photos of  VASER Liposuction  (6 weeks after surgery) performed by Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC.

Before & After Photos of VASER Liposuction (6 weeks after surgery) performed by Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC.

A clinical study conducted by Dr. Rohrich revealed that:

  • "Among the 57 percent of patients who did not gain weight, 35 percent report exercising more postoperatively (compared with only 10 percent in the weight gain group, p = 0.002) and 50 percent report eating a healthier diet (22 percent in the weight gain group report eating a healthier diet, p = 0.002). "
  • In the weight gain group, 67 percent report no change in their diet regimen and only 17 percent thought their productivity increased (compared with 25 percent among the no weight gain group, p = 0.002). Successful body contouring surgery requires a patient to embrace positive lifestyle habits. "

Thus, the long-term success of a liposuction procedure is dependent on having a healthy proper diet and exercise.  One can still gain weight after your liposuction procedure if one does not exercise and eat a healthy diet.

Reference: Rohrich, et al. The key to long-term success in liposuction: a guide for plastic surgeons and patients. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Dec;114(7):1945-52; discussion 1953.

Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon

Houston, Texas

SmartLipo versus Traditional Tumescent Liposuction - Houston, Texas

A previous randomized clinical trial comparing traditional tumescent liposuction and SmartLipo was performed, and this showed the following findings:

  • Less post-operative pain with SmartLipo.
  • Cytologic studies showed more damage of the adipocytes (fat cells) in SmartLipo.  Thus, fat harvested from SmartLipo is not suitable for fat grafting, such as in Brazilian Butt Lift.
  • No major clinical differences found between SmartLipo versus Traditional Tumescent liposuction.
  • Surgical time was longer with the SmartLipo group.
  • Higher concentration of free fatty acids were found in the SmartLipo group.
  • Lipocrit is lower in the SmartLipo group.
Lower Lipocrit Volume was obtained with the SmartLipo group as compared to the Traditional Tumescent Liposuction group.

Lower Lipocrit Volume was obtained with the SmartLipo group as compared to the Traditional Tumescent Liposuction group.

In conclusion:  "No major clinical differences for suction-assisted lipoplasty versus laser-assisted lipoplasty were found. Higher concentrations of free-fatty acids after laser-assisted lipoplasty must alert us to possible hepatic and renal toxicity."

Reference:  Prado, et al. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial comparing laser-assisted lipoplasty with suction-assisted lipoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Sep 15;118(4):1032-45.

Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon

Houston, Texas

Reducing Risk of Contour/Skin Irregularities after Liposuction

Patients with poor skin elasticity should be forewarned about the risk for contour irregularities and suboptimal skin contraction. Similarly, pre-existing cellulite, indentations and scars may be present and will not be corrected with liposuction.  

How to Prevent Skin Contour Irregularities after Liposuction

  • Intraoperatively, use of micro-cannulae and careful use of the criss-cross technique of liposuction are recommended to prevent waviness
  • Using the VASER Liposuction machine may reduce the risk for contour irregularities
Using a smaller cannulae produces less skin contour irregularity as compared to a larger liposuction cannulae.

Using a smaller cannulae produces less skin contour irregularity as compared to a larger liposuction cannulae.

Before & After Correction of Skin Contour Irregularities.  Patient previously had traditional liposuction from another plastic surgeon and she developed skin contour irregularity.  Dr. De La Cruz performed the VASER liposuction of the thighs with fat transfer to correct the contour irregularity.

Before & After Correction of Skin Contour Irregularities (Frontal View).   Patient previously had traditional liposuction from another plastic surgeon and she developed skin contour irregularity.  Dr. De La Cruz performed the  VASER liposuction  of the thighs with  fat transfer  to correct the contour irregularity.

Before & After Correction of Skin Contour Irregularities (Frontal View).  Patient previously had traditional liposuction from another plastic surgeon and she developed skin contour irregularity.  Dr. De La Cruz performed the VASER liposuction of the thighs with fat transfer to correct the contour irregularity.

Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon

Tumescent Liposuction - Houston, Texas

What is Tumescent Liposuction?

  • The word tumescent refers to anything that is swollen and firm. With tumescent liposuction, a large volume of very dilute solution of local anesthesia (lidocaine, bicarbonate and epinephrine) is injected into the fat beneath the skin, causing the targeted area to become swollen and firm. The local anesthetic lidocaine in the solution used for tumescent liposuction reduces the pain that one would experience after liposuction. The drug epinephrine (adrenalin) provides profound localized vasoconstriction that it reduces surgical bleeding during tumescent liposuction.
  • Tumescent liposuction can be combined with other forms of liposuction such as in VASER liposuction.  In fact, the tumescent technique liposuction is essential for VASER liposuction to work since ultrasonic energy used in the VASER liposuction needs "water" to emulsify or liquefy the fat.  The fluid in the tumescent solution also prevents "skin burn injuries" from VASER liposuction.
Before & After Photos:  4D VASER Liposuction 6 weeks after surgery.  Procedure performed by Dr. De La Cruz

Before & After Photos:  4D VASER Liposuction 6 weeks after surgery.  Procedure performed by Dr. De La Cruz

Benefits of Tumescent Liposuction

  • Less blood is lost.

  • Intravenous fluid replacement is not necessary.

  • Bacteriostatic lidocaine may decrease the risk of infections.

  • Tumescence magnifies defects; therefore, the likelihood of needing a secondary procedure may be less.

  • Lipid-soluble lidocaine is somewhat suctioned out with the aspirated fat.

  • Vasoconstriction minimizes absorption.

  • The epinephrine may increase the cardiac output, which, in turn, hastens the hepatic metabolism of the lidocaine.

  • The duration of anesthetic effect may last as long as 24 hours.

  • The lidocaine may be given safely up to 45 mg/kg and even higher in certain conditions.

Does VASER Liposuction Employs Tumescent Liposuction Technique?

  • It is standard of care to employ the tumescent liposuction technique in most liposuction methods, including the VASER liposelection/liposculpture.
  • Infilitrating the area of fat with tumescent solution reduces the risk of burn injuries that may occur in VASER liposuction or Laser-assisted liposuction.

Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon

VASER Liposuction on Gynecomastia for Men

Gynecomastia describes a benign increase of the mammary gland in men.   This could range from a puffiness or localized button of tissue concentrated around the areola to marked, distinct enlargement of the breasts making the breasts looking feminine.  Gynecomastia or the so-called "man-boob" can be secondary to multiple causes such as marijuana usage; certain medications such as Pepcid/Tagamet/cardiac medications; testicular tumors; thyroid abnormalities; pre-pubertal enlargement, etc.  Most cases of gynaecomastia are benign and of cosmetic, rather than clinical, importance.  However, gynecomastia may cause local pain and tenderness, and this could occasionally be the result of a serious underlying illness or a medication, or be inherited.   Most cases of gynecomastia result from deficient androgen action or excessive estrogen action in the breast tissue.  In  pubertal gynecomastia, the breast enlargement may resolve spontaneously and thus may warrant observation for gynecomastia in children.

Before & After Photos of  VASER Liposuction  of the Breasts for treatment of Gynecomastia.  Note that the patient also underwent the 4D VASER Hi-Definition Liposuction.  Procedure performed by Dr. De La Cruz

Before & After Photos of VASER Liposuction of the Breasts for treatment of Gynecomastia.  Note that the patient also underwent the 4D VASER Hi-Definition Liposuction.  Procedure performed by Dr. De La Cruz

When medical treatment fails, the surgical procedure is the treatment of choice.  Numerous surgical techniques exist for gynecomastia treatment.  This could range from using the VASER liposuction or ultrasonic liposuction to direct excision of gynecomastia.  Recent studies have shown that ultrasonic liposuction for the treatment of mild to moderate gynecomastia showed superior results over conventional liposuction methods.

A total of 219 patients (384 breasts) with a mean age of 29 years (range 12-74) were evaluated. UAL was utilised in 24% of breasts (47 patients, 91 breasts). Compared with conventional liposuction, UAL had significantly lower rates of intraoperative conversion to open excision (25% vs. 39%; p<0.05) and postoperative revision (2% vs. 19%; p<0.001) using Fisher's exact test. The haematoma rate for each technique was 1%.

Recently, subcutaneous mastectomy was compared with ultrasonic-liposuction for the treatment of gynecomastia.  The reoperation rates in the mastectomy group and liposuction group were 1.4% and 0.5%, respectively. There were no nipple/areola necrosis and scars in liposuction group.  The ultrasonic-liposuction treatment was associated with superior esthetic results and fewer complications.

The use of ultrasonic-assisted liposuction (UAL) combined with conventional liposuction and partial gland resection without skin excision is an option for moderate cases.  Although a wide range of surgical techniques have been described, the treatment of gynecomastia requires an individualized approach. 

Reference:

Song et al.  Surgical treatment of gynecomastia:  mastectomy compared to liposuction techniques.  Ann Plast Surg. 2014 Sep;73(3):275-8. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31827c7949.

Wong, et al.. Conventional versus ultrasound-assisted liposuction in gynecomastia surgery:  a 13-year review. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2014 Jul;67(7):921-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2014.03.004. Epub 2014 Mar 21. 

Emmanuel De La Cruz MD, PLLC

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon

Houston, Texas

The Galleria Clinic

1700 Post Oak Boulevard

2 BLVD Place Suite 600Houston TX, 77056(Next to Whole Foods, above North Italia Restaurant)

The Woodlands Clinic

2219 Sawdust Road  #1203  The Woodlands, TX 77380

Call us at 832-520-1844